Interpretation of LSTM: tf.contrib.rnn.BasicLSTMCell(rnn_unit) function in DL
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Interpretation of tf.contrib.rnn.BasicLSTMCell(rnn_unit) function
Interpretation of tf.contrib.rnn.BasicLSTMCell(rnn_unit) function
Functional interpretation
"""Basic LSTM recurrent network cell. The implementation is based on: http://arxiv.org/abs/1409.2329. We add forget_bias (default: 1) to the biases of the forget gate in order to reduce the scale of forgetting in the beginning of the training. It does not allow cell clipping, a projection layer, and does not use peephole connections: it is the basic baseline. For advanced models, please use the full @{tf.nn.rnn_cell.LSTMCell} """ def __init__(self, 
Basic LSTM recursive network unit. The implementation is based on: http://arxiv.org/abs/1409.2329. We add the forgetting bias (default: 1) to the forgetting gate bias to reduce the forgetting degree at the beginning of training. It doesn't allow cells to cut (a projection layer) or use peephole connections: it's the basic baseline. For advanced models, follow with the complete @ {TF. N. RNN ﹤ cell. Lstmcell}.

Args: When restoring from CudnnLSTMtrained checkpoints, must use `CudnnCompatibleLSTMCell` instead. 
Parameters: When recovering from a checkpoint trained by cudnnlstm, you must use cudncompatibleslstmcell. 
Function code implementation
@tf_export("nn.rnn_cell.BasicLSTMCell") class BasicLSTMCell(LayerRNNCell): """Basic LSTM recurrent network cell. The implementation is based on: http://arxiv.org/abs/1409.2329. We add forget_bias (default: 1) to the biases of the forget gate in order to reduce the scale of forgetting in the beginning of the training. It does not allow cell clipping, a projection layer, and does not use peephole connections: it is the basic baseline. For advanced models, please use the full @{tf.nn.rnn_cell.LSTMCell} that follows. """ def __init__(self, num_units, forget_bias=1.0, state_is_tuple=True, activation=None, reuse=None, name=None, dtype=None): """Initialize the basic LSTM cell. Args: num_units: int, The number of units in the LSTM cell. forget_bias: float, The bias added to forget gates (see above). Must set to `0.0` manually when restoring from CudnnLSTMtrained checkpoints. state_is_tuple: If True, accepted and returned states are 2tuples of the `c_state` and `m_state`. If False, they are concatenated along the column axis. The latter behavior will soon be deprecated. activation: Activation function of the inner states. Default: `tanh`. reuse: (optional) Python boolean describing whether to reuse variables in an existing scope. If not `True`, and the existing scope already has the given variables, an error is raised. name: String, the name of the layer. Layers with the same name will share weights, but to avoid mistakes we require reuse=True in such cases. dtype: Default dtype of the layer (default of `None` means use the type of the first input). Required when `build` is called before `call`. When restoring from CudnnLSTMtrained checkpoints, must use `CudnnCompatibleLSTMCell` instead. """ super(BasicLSTMCell, self).__init__(_reuse=reuse, name=name, dtype=dtype) if not state_is_tuple: logging.warn("%s: Using a concatenated state is slower and will soon be " "deprecated. Use state_is_tuple=True.", self) # Inputs must be 2dimensional. self.input_spec = base_layer.InputSpec(ndim=2) self._num_units = num_units self._forget_bias = forget_bias self._state_is_tuple = state_is_tuple self._activation = activation or math_ops.tanh @property def state_size(self): return (LSTMStateTuple(self._num_units, self._num_units) if self._state_is_tuple else 2 * self._num_units) @property def output_size(self): return self._num_units def build(self, inputs_shape): if inputs_shape[1].value is None: raise ValueError("Expected inputs.shape[1] to be known, saw shape: %s" % inputs_shape) input_depth = inputs_shape[1].value h_depth = self._num_units self._kernel = self.add_variable( _WEIGHTS_VARIABLE_NAME, shape=[input_depth + h_depth, 4 * self._num_units]) self._bias = self.add_variable( _BIAS_VARIABLE_NAME, shape=[4 * self._num_units], initializer=init_ops.zeros_initializer(dtype=self.dtype)) self.built = True def call(self, inputs, state): """Long shortterm memory cell (LSTM). Args: inputs: `2D` tensor with shape `[batch_size, input_size]`. state: An `LSTMStateTuple` of state tensors, each shaped `[batch_size, num_units]`, if `state_is_tuple` has been set to `True`. Otherwise, a `Tensor` shaped `[batch_size, 2 * num_units]`. Returns: A pair containing the new hidden state, and the new state (either a `LSTMStateTuple` or a concatenated state, depending on `state_is_tuple`). """ sigmoid = math_ops.sigmoid one = constant_op.constant(1, dtype=dtypes.int32) # Parameters of gates are concatenated into one multiply for efficiency. if self._state_is_tuple: c, h = state else: c, h = array_ops.split(value=state, num_or_size_splits=2, axis=one) gate_inputs = math_ops.matmul( array_ops.concat([inputs, h], 1), self._kernel) gate_inputs = nn_ops.bias_add(gate_inputs, self._bias) # i = input_gate, j = new_input, f = forget_gate, o = output_gate i, j, f, o = array_ops.split( value=gate_inputs, num_or_size_splits=4, axis=one) forget_bias_tensor = constant_op.constant(self._forget_bias, dtype=f.dtype) # Note that using `add` and `multiply` instead of `+` and `*` gives a # performance improvement. So using those at the cost of readability. add = math_ops.add multiply = math_ops.multiply new_c = add(multiply(c, sigmoid(add(f, forget_bias_tensor))), multiply(sigmoid(i), self._activation(j))) new_h = multiply(self._activation(new_c), sigmoid(o)) if self._state_is_tuple: new_state = LSTMStateTuple(new_c, new_h) else: new_state = array_ops.concat([new_c, new_h], 1) return new_h, new_state